Frequently Asked Questions

A government-issued travel document that certifies the identity and nationality of its holder, facilitating international travel. It contains personal information such as the holder’s name, date of birth, photograph, signature, and other pertinent details. Passports typically have an expiration date and are subject to renewal.

Also known as an e-passport, it contains embedded electronic chips storing biometric information, such as fingerprints or facial recognition data. Biometric passports enhance security, prevent fraud, and aid in verifying the traveler’s identity at border crossings.

The duration during which a passport remains valid and accepted for international travel. Different countries have varying requirements, with some necessitating a minimum validity period beyond the planned date of departure from their territory. Passport validity is often measured in years from the date of issue or until the passport’s expiration date.

A formal endorsement or authorization stamped or affixed within a passport by the authorities of a foreign country. It grants permission to the passport holder to enter, stay, or exit that country for specific purposes and durations. Visas vary widely based on the country’s regulations, governing the reasons for travel (tourism, work, study, etc.) and the length of stay.

An arrangement between countries that allows travelers from one country to enter another without the need for a visa. Visitors can typically stay for a limited duration for tourism, business, or other non-work purposes. Visa-free travel may have conditions, such as maximum stay duration or specific activities permitted during the visit.

A type of visa issued to travelers upon their arrival at the destination country’s border checkpoint or airport. This visa allows entry after necessary formalities, documentation, and sometimes payment of fees at the port of entry. It’s often available for specific nationalities or under certain circumstances and may have restrictions on duration and purpose of stay.

A digital version of a traditional visa, obtained electronically before travel through an online application process. It grants permission to enter a specific country for designated purposes and durations.

Digital authorization is required by certain countries for travelers from visa-exempt countries. It’s obtained online before travel and serves as a pre-screening process, granting permission to enter the destination country for a specified period and purpose. An eTA is not a visa but an electronic approval to travel.

A document issued to tourists upon entry to certain countries, providing authorization for tourism purposes during a specified duration. It may include details about the traveler and their intended stay.

A principle allowing individuals to move, reside, and work within the territories of foreign countries without requiring a visa or other restrictions, often applied within regional unions or agreements.

The process is conducted by immigration officers or customs officials at border checkpoints to regulate the entry and exit of travelers. This involves inspecting passports, visas, and other travel documents to ensure compliance with entry requirements, immigration laws, and customs regulations.

A zone comprising 26 European countries that have abolished internal border controls and established a common visa policy for short-term stays (up to 90 days within a 180-day period). Travelers can move freely within this area without passport checks at internal borders.

A diplomatic mission representing a country in another nation. Embassies and consulates handle various functions, including issuing visas, providing assistance to citizens abroad, fostering diplomatic relations, and offering consular services.

The EU (European Union) was founded in 1993 and includes the following 27 member states Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czechia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, and Sweden.

Official website

The Schengen area was founded in 1985 and includes the following 27 member states Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Croatia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, and Switzerland.

The GCC  (Gulf Cooperation Council) was founded in 1981 and includes 6 member states: Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates.

Official website

The AU (African Union) was founded in 1963 and includes the following 55 member states Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cabo Verde, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Congo (Dem. rep), Côte d’Ivoire, Djibouti, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sahrawi Republic, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe

More info at https://au.int/